Programs that provide educational and supportive services that help new and/or expectant parents prepare for the prospect of parenthood. The programs are open to all parents and include information about the care of a new infant such as bathing techniques, diapering, feeding cycles and infant and childhood illnesses and later walking, talking, toilet training and other developmental skills; suggestions for sibling preparation; and other techniques for facilitating the addition of the newborn to the family.
Parenting seminars, frequently taught by experienced fathers who bring their own babies to class, that help to prepare expectant fathers for their parenting role. The workshops provide opportunities to discuss a variety of issues with "veteran" dads such as bonding with the baby, balancing work and time spent with the baby, stretching their income, developing a parenting team, supporting the needs of a new mom, dealing with advice and criticism from relatives, and managing stress and health and safety issues; and include opportunities to practice feeding and burping a baby, changing diapers, holding and comforting a baby, playing with a baby, soothing a crying baby and other tasks related to parenting a newborn. Some programs focus on the parenting needs of a particular ethnocultural group, deal with cultural issues related to fatherhood and may be available in a language other than English or French.
Programs staffed by nurses or other trained professionals or volunteers that visit the homes of first-time mothers during pregnancy and the first two years of the child's life to help the women improve their personal health and development during the prenatal period and learn to care for the child following birth. The visits encourage the mothers to maintain good nutrition; and provide information regarding danger signs in pregnancy, preparation for labour and delivery, breastfeeding and other feeding options, baby supplies, basic infant care, newborn behaviours and child development. They help to ensure that infants and toddlers are nurtured, live in a safe environment in and around the home and receive proper health care. Included are programs that focus on low income individuals, pregnant teens, women with high risk pregnancies or other special populations as well as those that are more broadly available.
Programs that provide classes, workshops or other educational opportunities that prepare teens who are or are about to become parents to be effective in their parenting roles.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.