Programs that provide a combination of paid, structured on-the-job training and related classroom instruction in which workers learn the practical and theoretical aspects of a designated trade, craft or occupation under the supervision of a skilled craft worker. Upon completion of the in-class and the on-the-job training, the apprentice is required to write an examination and, if successful, is given a Certificate of Apprenticeship, a Certificate of Qualification and the designation of certified journeyperson. Apprenticeship programs vary in length from 2-5 years depending on the trade, and are registered with and administered by the apprenticeship branch of the respective province or territory. Registered apprenticeship training in a trade can be either compulsory or voluntary, depending on the regulations of the province or territory.
Programs that offer employment related training courses, generally in a traditional classroom setting, which provide participants with the technical skills and information they need to perform a particular job or group of jobs. The training has a structured, defined curriculum and may feature lectures, demonstrations, simulations, role-playing, self-study and other similar activities. Classroom style training is also the primary format used for training in the "soft skills" that are required to get a job, stay employed and advance.
Programs that provide opportunities for advanced students, recent graduates or candidates in a professional field (such as law, medicine or media) to gain practical or clinical experience in their chosen career prior to seeking gainful employment or practicing their profession.
Programs that identify public or private sector employers that are willing to take on trainees who learn to perform the tasks that are associated with their position at the work site using the actual tools, equipment, documents and materials that they will use when fully trained. OJT trainees work under the supervision of skilled employees who serve as instructors following a training plan established by the employee, the employer and an external agency, if matching wages are being paid by that agency; and are engaged in productive work and earn a wage as they are trained. Employers may be offered cash training reimbursements (subsidized wages) or other incentives to hire difficult-to-employ individuals and are generally expected to hire the trainees upon successful completion of the training.
Programs that place people in actual employment situations in order to give them an opportunity to demonstrate their competence and skills, gain practical experience in a field for which they have been trained and/or develop new skills that will be beneficial with respect to future employment opportunities. People are placed on a short-term basis and, if remuneration is involved, are paid by the sponsoring agency rather than by the employer or through a cost-sharing arrangement.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.