[ Browse by Service Category : Public Health : Sub-Topics of Public Health Information/Inspection/Remediation (74) ]
Programs that are responsible for eliminating pollutants, radiant or other energy or other substances from people's homes, yards or other environments once those materials have been identified as hazardous.
Programs that conduct tests to ascertain whether there are harmful levels of pollutants, radiant or other energy or other hazardous materials in people's homes, yards or other environments; and/or supply test kits which can be used in the home for this purpose.
Programs that provide general information about specific environmental pollutants, associated safety hazards, testing procedures and measures for remediation.
Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that people who are involved in or witness to an environmental emergency can use to file a report with the proper authorities. An environmental emergency is a situation that poses an immediate threat to public health or the environment resulting from the release or potential release of oil, hazardous chemicals or radioactive materials into the air, land or water. Environmental emergencies may include: oil or chemical spills onto soil or into surface water, groundwater, or storm drains and sanitary sewers; leaking or reacting drums of known or unknown chemical or hazardous waste; leaking underground storage tanks; fires involving tires, PCBs, pesticides or other chemicals; accidents involving the transportation of chemicals, oil or other petroleum products; improper disposal or handling of asbestos, and biomedical, radioactive or hazardous waste; and mercury spills.
Programs that protect the public from unhealthy living conditions by enforcing laws which require that dwellings meet minimum maintenance, occupancy, use, sanitation, lighting and ventilation requirements. Health inspectors evaluate homes and apartments to ensure that hot and cold water are available; that toilets and sewage disposal systems are functioning; that the roof and exterior walls provide adequate protection from the elements; that interior walls, partitions, floors and ceilings are in safe repair; that the premises are free of rodents, vermin, insects or rubbish; and that other basic necessities are adequately available to residents. Services include inspection to ensure compliance with regulations and the issuance of citations to landlords who are out of compliance.
Programs that investigate established infestations of insects, rodents and other pests which may endanger the health of the community or cause damage to homes and other structures, crops and gardens; provide abatement services or appropriate poisons or repellents; and/or offer advice and guidance regarding steps individual property owners can take to eradicate infestations.
Programs that conduct regular health inspections of facilities that are open to the public and look for accumulations of dirt, dust, mould or trash; broken steps, uneven flooring or other obstructions to safe access; unsanitary kitchen facilities; defective heating, lighting or ventilation; lack of hot water in laundry and/or lavatory facilities and other unsafe or unsanitary conditions. The types of facilities that are subject to inspection vary from province to province, and may include public, private and parochial schools; homeless shelters; domestic violence shelters; hotels; motels; boarding homes; child care facilities; foster homes; adult and juvenile detention facilities; other transient housing facilities and institutions; theatres; arenas; and other places of public assembly.
Programs that enforce food handling and dispensing laws and regulations by regularly inspecting restaurants, food stands, mobile food vehicles and carts (e.g., lunch trucks, ice cream trucks, produce carts), summer food service sites, congregate meal sites, employee on-site feeding operations, catering services, food sampling booths, wholesale food processing and manufacturing plants, markets, bakeries and food vending machines for health hazards; consulting with food facilities regarding improved food handling practices; and issuing citations and fines to establishments that have failed to comply with prescribed health practices and regulations. The program also provides information about requirements for retail food establishments, restaurant ratings and a list of establishments that have been closed because of health violations.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.