Programs that assist students in selecting a course of studies that is suited to their abilities, interests, future plans and general circumstances.
Programs that provide information and guidance for high school students and others who are preparing for or in the process of choosing and applying for admission to a college, university or other postsecondary institution. Assistance may include information about various college/university programs and their requirements, advice on college/university selection, suggestions regarding high school classes students should take to best qualify for the school of their choice, information and counselling regarding financial aid, and assistance in completing necessary application forms and supporting materials such as application essays. The objective of most college/university entrance support programs is to help students select the most appropriate institution and present their credentials in a way that heightens their chances of having their application accepted. Included are programs that sponsor fairs where representatives from a broad range of postsecondary institutions are available to meet with prospective students and discuss course offerings, admission and financial aid requirements, college/university life in general and other information that is pertinent to the selection process.
Programs that provide diagnostic and treatment services which combine psychotherapeutic and tutorial techniques for individuals who have learning disabilities, dyslexia, perceptual problems, emotional problems or other difficulties that are interfering with their ability to learn.
Programs that provide advice and guidance regarding academic and personal matters for students who are citizens of other countries.
Programs that provide assistance and support for individuals entering college with the objective of improving retention and ensuring that they have an equal footing with other students. The programs are offered by community colleges, four year colleges and universities and other educational institutions; are often available during the summer; may target minority students, international students, non-English speaking students, first generation students, gifted students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, students with disabilities and other non-traditional groups; and may offer academic support (such as writing, mathematics and reading), provide information about study skills (such as time management, individual learning style, study strategies, and expectations for college work), include discussions of campus life and/or offer career counselling. Some programs focus on preparation within specific major fields of study (e.g., science or math), have a parent involvement component, provide opportunities for community service or introduce new students to potential mentors. Many institutions offer more than one bridge program, accommodating the unique needs of their student population.
Programs that provide special support services for individuals, usually women or minorities, who are initiating or resuming a postsecondary course of study. Services usually include assistance with admission and registration procedures, financial aid, library materials, referral services, support groups and workshops which address a wide variety of topics including study skills.
Programs that provide individual or small group assistance for students who want to improve their study habits, test preparation skills and test taking techniques.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.