[ Browse by Service Category : Law Enforcement Services : Sub-Topics of Crime Reporting (57) ]

Abandoned Vehicle Reporting/Removal

Programs that accept reports regarding abandoned motor vehicles on public roads, in parking lots or on other public property and/or arrange for their removal. Also included are programs that accept and/or act upon reports of violations of local ordinances regarding vehicles stored on private property.

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Bad Cheque Reporting

Law enforcement programs (and others) that accept reports regarding bad cheques, investigate the situation and arrest and file charges against perpetrators or, if they qualify, allow them to be temporarily diverted from prosecution while given an opportunity to make good on the cheque. Some programs attempt to recover lost money. Bad cheques are cheques written by a person with a legitimate bank account that either has insufficient funds or has been closed. Cheque fraud is subject to both civil and criminal penalties in most provinces.

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Child Sexual Exploitation Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to report instances in which an individual or group of individuals is involved in the possession, manufacture and/or distribution of child pornography; online enticement of children for sexual acts; child prostitution; child sex tourism; non-familial child sexual molestation; sending unsolicited obscene material to a child or other acts that constitute child sexual exploitation.

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Consumer Fraud Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that consumers can use to report the activities of telephone and Internet scammers and other con artists who attempt to persuade older adults, individuals who live alone, disaster victims and other vulnerable people to part with their savings. Common scams include fraudulent prize offers, "free" travel packages that have hidden costs or which never materialize, "get rich quick" investments that turn out to be worthless, tax debt/refund scams, phony charities with names that are similar to well-known organizations and schemes involving promises to recover an individual's money following their victimization by another scam. Reports may be filed by consumer fraud victims or by people who have information about individuals they know to be perpetrating these types of scams.

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Counterfeit Money Reporting

Programs that accept and act upon information about the printing or circulation of counterfeit money.

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Cybercrime Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that people can use to anonymously report cases in which computers, laptops, tablets, mobile phones or other personal devices have been or are being used to commit a crime such as distribution of child pornography; cyberstalking or harassment; unauthorized interception of communications; intellectual property violations; or illegally accessing other computer systems to alter, destroy or steal data; intercept and disclose confidential information; plant spyware, ransomware or other forms of malware; launch denial of service attacks; or engage in phishing or smshing, financial theft or other activities that are illegal.

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General Crime Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanism that people can use to report any of a wide variety of crimes rather than specializing in reports regarding a particular type of criminal activity.

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Hate Crimes Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to anonymously report information about the activities of individuals who have planned or committed acts of violence or intimidation against people on the basis of their real or perceived race, religion, ethnicity, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or disability. Hate crimes have an impact that lingers, and extends beyond the specific victim. They make members of minority communities fearful, angry and suspicious, and raise tensions that can divide and polarize neighbourhoods, towns and cities.

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Identity Theft Reporting/Recovery Programs

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that people can use to report instances in which someone fraudulently obtains private information about an individual, e.g., his or her Social Insurance Number, uses it to apply for credit in that person's name, runs up large bills and then disappears without paying the bills leaving the victim with ruined credit. Identity thieves may also purchase expensive medical services in the victim's name or give the victim's name and personal information to a law enforcement officer during an investigation or upon arrest leaving the individual vulnerable to large medical bills or subject to arrest. Also included are programs that help identity theft victims re-establish their identity and credit standing.

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Illegal Dumping Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to anonymously report information about the activities of people who are disposing of hazardous materials, trash or other items in places other than those legitimately set aside for this purpose.

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Insurance Fraud Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to report, usually anonymously, individuals who have made false statements or otherwise intentionally misrepresented the facts surrounding an injury or loss in order to receive or increase the amount of compensation they will receive based on an insurance policy. Also included are programs that accept reports of fraudulent claims submitted by health care providers, pharmacies, auto repair shops and other parties that are providing services for insured individuals and using their insurance as a means of payment.

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Non-Emergency Crime Reporting

Police departments and other law enforcement programs that provide a special number that people can use to report crimes that do not warrant an immediate response because the individual in question is not in immediate danger.

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Public Nuisance Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that people can use to report prostitution, lewd or lascivious behaviour, public drunkenness, illegal gambling, drug-related loitering or other drug-related criminal activity, accumulations of garbage, castoff materials, junk cars or other conditions that disturb the peace, are dangerous to health or safety, are offensive to community moral standards or that obstruct the public from the free use of public property. The concept of "public nuisance" varies considerably from community to community. As a consequence, activities that are addressed by public nuisance laws in one community may be covered by zoning laws in another.

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Social Insurance Fraud Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to anonymously report information about people who are misusing a Social Insurance number, improperly giving a Social Insurance number to others, collecting disability payments when they do not have a disability, making fraudulent retirement benefit claims or engaging in other types of illegal activities involving social insurance.

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Terrorism/Radicalization Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to anonymously report information about the activities of individuals or organizations that commit acts of violence as a means of supporting their cause; or about situations in which an individual or group has adopted increasingly extreme political, social or religious ideas and has become a potential source of terrorist activity.

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Traffic Accident Reporting

Programs that accept reports regarding traffic accidents or collisions occurring on public roads, in parking lots or on other property. Police are not always called to attend accidents and it is often the responsibility of those directly involved in an incident to inform police about the circumstances under which the accident occurred and the results of the accident. In some jurisdictions, all accidents must be reported. In other areas, an accident must involve injury, a death or property damage that exceeds a specified amount before reporting becomes mandatory, even in situations where no other vehicle was involved. In some jurisdictions, traffic accident reports can be filed online.

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Unlawful Distribution of Controlled Substances Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms which the public can use to anonymously report information about organizations that sell cigarettes, beer, wine and other alcohol or tobacco products to minors, illegally distribute prescription drugs or are otherwise dealing illegally in controlled substances.

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Welfare Fraud Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to anonymously report suspected cases of fraud involving various forms of social assistance and benefits provided at the municipal, provincial/territorial or federal levels.

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White Collar Crime Reporting

Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to report, usually anonymously, non-violent violations of the law committed by individuals in the pursuit of their regular occupational activities that generally involve duplicity in financial dealing, fraud or embezzlement. Other examples of white collar crime include commercial bribery, computer crime, racketeering, anti-trust violations, price-fixing, stock manipulation and insider trading.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.


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