Organizations that promote government accountability and/or investigate, expose and remedy abuse of power, excessive secrecy, subservience to special interests, inefficiency, waste, fraud and mismanagement on the part of public officials at all levels, government contractors, managers of public agencies and institutions, and others in positions of authority.
Organizations that work for the introduction, passage or defeat of one or more specific pieces of legislation through attempts, including personal solicitation, to influence the way legislators vote or the content of the legislation they introduce. Also included are organizations that utilize picketing, leafleting, guerrilla theatre, demonstrations, speak-outs and other similar tactics to educate the public or government representatives about a particular issue or point of view and/or to influence policy development and implementation or have an impact on the general political climate.
The offices of individuals who have been appointed or elected to a city, county, provincial or federal public office for a specified tenure and who are thereby in a position to exercise that portion of the sovereign functions of government that are conferred on that office by the constitution or the legislature.
Associations whose members are representatives of government at all levels who have affiliated for the purpose of working together to discuss, study and resolve the problems they have in common and promote the general welfare of the jurisdictions they represent. Government associations provide advocacy, training, publications, research and other services for their members; offer a forum for discussion and problem-solving; enable members to speak with a single voice on local, regional, provincial or national policy; alert members to emerging social, economic and political trends; promote leadership; share innovations and best practices; provide management and technical assistance services; offer cost savings through aggregated purchases of insurance, energy or other resources; and provide other forms of support that meet the needs of their members.
Programs that encourage citizens to participate in the political process by providing opportunities for political involvement, access to public officials or information that is necessary to make informed decisions at the ballot box.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.