Programs that provide comprehensive support services for immigrants and refugees who need assistance to prepare for, find and retain paid employment. Services may include vocational assessment, job search assistance, professional mentoring programs and other levels of initial and ongoing support. The emphasis is on preparing individuals for the expectations of employment in a new country and in particular, to obtain recognition for professional experience secured in another country and to obtain initial work experience in their new country.
A program administered by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) that provides income support and a range of other services for government-assisted refugees (GARs) who arrive in Canada following an overseas identification and selection process. Benefits are available for up to 12 months in most situations and up to 24 months for GARs with special needs. Income support amounts are set in line with provincial social assistance rates. The Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) also provides funding to a variety of service provider organizations (SPOs) who, on behalf of CIC, provide a range of settlement and orientation services including an initial reception at the airport or other port of entry, temporary accommodation if needed, help in finding permanent accommodation, basic household items, financial orientation and ongoing access to support, as needed.
Programs developed and staffed by former refugees and immigrants that help newly arrived people from their previous country or region of residence begin a new life in Canada. Mutual assistance associations address the unique cultural needs of the specific immigrant/refugee population they serve and provide a variety of services including cultural adjustment support, English or French language instruction, interpretation/translation services, housing and employment assistance, transportation, clothing and furniture, as needed, small business development assistance and help in accessing other social services.
Multipurpose centres that serve as focal points for specific ethnocultural groups within the community and which offer, at a single location, a wide variety of services and activities that are structured to meet the social, educational, economic, recreational and other needs of participants in ways that are culturally appropriate.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.