Programs that establish and enforce legislation which protects the working public from exploitation and unsafe working conditions.
Programs that attempt to reduce the incidence of violence (including bullying, threats, verbal abuse, physical assaults or homicides) against workers in or outside the workplace through a variety of educational interventions which raise awareness about the incidence and environmental conditions associated with workplace assaults, describe occupations involving the greatest risk, provide strategies that employers and employees can use for prevention and protection, provide information about protective equipment and offer recommendations for response to violent incidents when they occur. The program may offer on-site consultation and training, model workplace violence prevention programs and associated materials, publications, research and other forms of support.
Programs that provide for the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of data regarding health-related events for use in public health action to reduce morbidity and mortality and to improve health. Public health surveillance activities are generally authorized by legislators and carried out by public health officials; and may vary by jurisdiction. Included may be surveillance of infectious, chronic, or zoonotic diseases; injuries; exposures to toxic substances; health promoting or damaging behaviours; and other events associated with public health action.
Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures that people can take to improve safety in the settings in which people work. Topics may include slips and falls, ladder safety, ergonomics, lifting and carrying, tool and equipment safety, personal protective equipment, vehicle safety, hazardous chemicals, electrical safety, stress, workplace violence, and safety issues such as hearing preservation programs and working safely in confined spaces that may relate to a particular industry or workplace environment.
Programs that conduct comprehensive workplace evaluations to identify ergonomic risk factors and determine the most effective strategy for controlling or eliminating the potentially harmful effects of force, repetition, awkward postures, static positions, contact stress, vibration and cold temperatures. The evaluations consider work activities, repetitive movement patterns, work station design, workplace seating, work tools and equipment and the posture of workers.
Programs that are staffed by specialists who have expertise in the prevention of occupational disease and injury and the evaluation and treatment of people who have these problems.
Organizations that advocate for or oppose measures that affect the terms or conditions of employment or the workplace environment. These measures may address equal pay standards; minimum/living wage requirements; occupational health and safety concerns; worker/employer rights; employee benefits including workplace child care; employment discrimination based on age, race, gender, or ethnic background; affirmative action/equal opportunity practices; sexual harassment on the job; workplace violence; hours issues including a shortened work week and flexible work hours; telecommuting; unemployment benefits; self-employment; and other similar issues.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.